Welcome to Flin Flon, located at 54°41' north latitude and 101°41' west longitude, close to the geographic centre of Canada, and at about the same latitude as Belfast, Copenhagen and Moscow! We enjoy a subarctic climate with a yearly average of 115 frost-free days (tomatoes are a challenge to grow here). Official records show that our lowest temperature was -45.6°C, recorded on February 4, 1974, and our highest temperature reached 35.0°C on June 5, 1988 and July 21, 1989. Flin Flon has recorded both sub-zero temperatures and snow during every month of the year. Annual precipitation averages 45 cm (18 inches).
Our community was founded and continues to be dependent on the mineral resources located in the area. The Flin Flon orebody, a rich concentration of zinc and copper ore with important quantities of gold, was discovered in 1914 when David Collins showed Thomas Creighton some sulphide mineralization along the shore of what became Flin Flon Lake. Continued exploration in the area led to the discovery of additional orebodies that eventually became mines: the Mandy deposit of 1915; the Cyprus deposit prior to 1925; the Callinan deposit in 1927; the Schist Lake deposit about 1946; the White Lake deposit in 1963; the West Arm and Centennial deposits in 1970; the Trout Lake deposit in 1976. At present (1996) ore is being mined from the West Arm, Callinan and Trout Lake deposits, and exploration for additional orebodies continues throughout the region.
The mineral exploration and mining activities in the Flin Flon area have provided a rich backdrop for the unique history of our community. Many of the cultural features dating back to the 1930's can still be seen. We hope that this guide will help you gain a more complete appreciation of both the cultural and natural history of the City of Flin Flon and the surrounding area.
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