The Greenstone area is part of the Manitoba lowlands eco-district. The area is known for its abundantly diverse flora and wildlife.
Organic terrain is dominated by stunted dwarf birch and black spruce with peat moss, Labrador tea and sedges. Marginally, merchantable black spruce with a willow-shrub understory occupies the slightly higher ground. Moderately well drained and imperfectly drained soils on elevated sites support stands of balsam poplar, white spruce aspen and white birch. The rich deciduous forests on alluvium support luxuriant stands of ostrich fern and horsetail.
The moose population in the Manitoba lowlands eco-district is high, black bear are also quite common. Low populations of white-tailed deer and elk are also present. Other indigenous species in the area include spruce grouse, snowshoe hare, ruffled grouse, red squirrel, grey wolf, red fox and woodland caribou. The Cumberland marshes are important as water fowl habitat, and for the muskrat. Bird diversity is high, of special interest are the barred owls, associated with mature balsam, poplar trees and the presence of black-throated blue warblers. Northern Pike, Walleye and Whitefish are species with the most economical value. However, Sturgeon, Perch, and Lake Trout are also available in the area.
Resource and Land Use:
There is a mix of uses including sport fishing, hunting and various other forms of recreation, mining, commercial fishing and agriculture, trapping and forestry. However, in the Precambrian Edge area economic activity is centered on the mining resource. Fishing, trapping seasonal hunting and some ranching are other resource uses. The growing of forage crops and vegetables have also proven successful.
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